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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl847\margr5658\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn873\margrsxn5755\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw4684\colsr666\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li846\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS CONDITIONS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb212\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 The Dekkan under the Sdtavdhanas}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 197}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn847\margrsxn5658\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi432\ri83\sb166\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The political data that we gather from the inscrip\-\expndtw2 tions of the Satavahanas are disappointingly meagre, but, \expndtw4 as shown by Dr. D. R. Bhandarkar, they yield us valu\-able information regarding the social, religious, and \expndtw3 economic conditions of the Dekkan during their sway.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li32\fi0\ri0\sb205\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Society}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi482\ri29\sb169\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 There were at least four classes of social divisions. \charscalex94\expndtw0 The \i Mahdbbojas, \i0 the \i M.ahdrathis, \i0 and the \i Mahdscnd-\charscalex100\expndtw3 patis, \i0 who controlled the \i rdstras \i0 or districts, comprised the highest rank of society. The second class included \expndtw-2 officials like the \i Amdtyas, Mahdwatras, \i0 and the \i Bhdtitfd-\expndtw-1 gdrikas\\ \i0 such non-officials as the \i Naigama \i0 (merchant)., \i\expndtw12 Sdrthavdha \i0 (head of the traders), and the \i Sresthin \i0\expndtw7 (chief of the trade-guild). The third class consisted of \expndtw-4 the \i Vaidya \i0 (physician), \i Tuckhaka \i0 (scribe), \i Suvarnakdra \i0\expndtw6 (goldsmith), \i Gdndbika \i0 (perfumer), \i Hdlakiya \i0 (cultiva\-\expndtw4 tor), etc. The fourth class comprehended the \i Mdldkdm \i0\expndtw1 (gardener), \i Vardhaki \i0 (carpenter), \i Ddsaka \i0 (fisherman), \i\expndtw7 Ljohavanija \i0 (blacksmith), etc., The head of a family \i\expndtw6 (kuld) \i0 was called \i Ktttumbm \i0 or \i Grihapatr, \i0 his position \expndtw5 was certainly one of authority.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li58\fi446\ri4\sb662\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Both Brahmanism and Buddhism prospered under \expndtw9 the tolerant rule of the Satavahanas. Pious donors \expndtw0 excavated \i Caitya-gribas \i0 (temples) or caused caves to be \expndtw9 made for the residence \i (layanas) \i0 of the \i Bhiksus, \i0 and \expndtw7 also adequately provided for their maintenance by \expndtw5 depositing money on interest with guilds. Brahmanism}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li61\fi742\ri0\sb302\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 . Ant., \i0 XLVIII (1919), pp. 77 f. See also Dr. D. R. \expndtw9 Bhandarkar's article, "Dekkan of the Satavahana Period," \i Ind. \expndtw10 Ant., \i0 XLVII. (1918), pp. 149 f.}\par }